Etiquettes Of Dua In The Light Of Quran And Hadith
There are etiquettes (ādāb) that should be observed so that our Dua will be offered in a proper manner in hopes that they will be granted. Some of these are as follows:
1. Be Sincere.
Having Ikhlāṣ (sincerity) is a prerequisite of the acceptance of Dua. Allah s.w.t. says in the Qur’an,
وَمَا أُمِرُوْا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللهَ مُخْلِصِيْنَ لَهُ الدِّيْن حُنَفَاء
“And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him).”
2. Glorify And Praise Allah S.W.T., And Recite Salawāt (Salutations) Upon The Prophet.
The Prophet s.a.w. said,
إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَبْدَأْ بِتَحْمِيدِ اللَّهِ وَالثَّنَاءِ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ لْيُصَلِّ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ثُمَّ لْيَدْعُ بَعْدُ بِمَا شَاءَ
“When any of you prays, he should begin with the glorification of his Lord and praise Him; he should then invoke blessings on the Prophet s.a.w; thereafter he should supplicate Allah for anything he wishes.”
3. Include Allah’s Glorified Names.
Seek to learn and understand His glorified names. There will always be at least one name that is apt for what we are asking for in our Dua. Allah s.w.t. says in the Qur’an,
وَلِلَّهِ ٱلأَسمَاءُ ٱلحُسنَىٰ فَٱدعُوهُ بها وَذَرُواْ ٱلَّذِينَ يُلحِدُونَ فِى أَسمَاهِۦۚ سَيُجزَونَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعمَلُونَ
“And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who believe or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.”
(Surah Al-A‘raf, 7:180)