The Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)

The Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)

The Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)

This sermon was delivered on the Ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah, 10 A.H. ( 623AD) in the Uranah valley of Mount Arafat in Mecca. It was the occasion of annual rites of Haj. It is also known as the Farewell Pilgrimage.

“O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year I
shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying very
carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so
regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the
goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one
may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that he
will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury
(interest), therefore all interest obligations shall henceforth be waived. Your
capital is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah
has, judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to
Abbas ibne Abd ul Muttalib [the Prophet’s uncle] be waived.
Every right arising out of homicide in pre-Islamic days is henceforth waived
and the first such right that I waive is that arising from the murder of son of
Rabiah bin Harith.
O People, the unbelievers indulge in tampering with the calendar in order to
make permissible that which Allah forbade, and to forbid that which Allah
has made permissible. With Allah the months are twelve in number. Four of
them are holy, three of these are successive and one occurs singly
between the months of Jumada and Shaban.
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope of that
he will be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him
in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women
but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as
your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by
your right, then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness.
Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners
and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends
with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, offer your five daily
prayers, fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat.
Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a nonArab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no
superiority over a black nor a black has any superiority over a white –
except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to
every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing
shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it
was given freely and willingly. Do not therefore do injustice to yourselves.
Remember one day you will meet Allah and answer your deeds. So
beware: do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me, and no new faith will
be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand my words
which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Qur’an and my
Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to
others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than
those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O Allah, that I have
conveyed your message to your people.”

(1) Muslim, vol:2, Hadith:456,
(2) Bukhari, vol:1,Hadith:69,1670,1672,1673, vol:3,Hadith:1723

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